Archaeological Ceramics: Understanding Material Culture through Materials Science
本讲教师：William D. Gilstrap
摘要：Ceramic material is perhaps the most common class of artifact in the archaeological record. In archaeology, pottery has played many roles towards our understanding past peoples and events. Traditional approach to the study of archaeological ceramics has more often than not focused on stylistic attributes such as shape, size, and decorative motif. These features are beneficial for the development of chronological sequences and may illuminate culturally significant phenomena such as belief systems and ideology. Over the past several decades however, the additional application of analytical techniques from the earth sciences and materials engineering has enabled the reconstruction of past ceramic manufacture. When grounded in the rigors of anthropological theory, investigations of this type have proven invaluable in improving our interpretations of the human past. This presentation will discuss some of the questions archaeologists ask of ceramic materials and how selecting appropriate analytical techniques is critical for generating anthropologically meaningful data. To demonstrate the significance of this approach, I will discuss examples of recent studies of ceramic assemblages from the Greek Bronze Age, Mayan Guatemala and Goguryeo Empire in South Korea.