Computing the Double-Gyroaverage Term Incorporating Short-Scale Perturbation and Steep Equilibrium Profile by the Interpolation Algorithm
摘要： In the gyrokinetic model and simulations, when the double-gyroaverage term incorporates the combining effect contributed by the finite Larmor radius, short scales of the perturbation, and steep gradient of the equilibrium profile, the low-order approximation of this term could generate nonnegligible error. This paper implements an interpolation algorithm to compute the double-gyroaverage term without low-order approximation to avoid this error. For a steep equilibrium density, the obvious difference between the density on the gyrocenter coordinate frame and the one on the particle coordinate frame should be accounted for in the quasi-neutrality equation. An Euler–Maclaurin-based quadrature integrating algorithm is developed to compute the quadrature integral for the distribution of the magnetic moment. The application of the interpolation algorithm to computing the double-gyroaverage term and to solving the quasi-neutrality equation is benchmarked by comparing the numerical results with the known analytical solutions. Finally, to make advantage of the interpolation solver more clearly, the numerical comparison between the interpolation solver and a classical second order solver is carried out in a constant theta-pinch magnetic field configuration Based on SELALIB code. When the equilibrium profile is not steep and the perturbation only has the non-zero mode number along the parallel spatial dimension, the results computed by the two solvers match each other well. When the gradient of the equilibrium profile is steep, the interpolation solver provides a bigger driving effect for the ion-temperature-gradient modes, which possess large polar mode numbers.