Analysis of optimal superconvergence of an ultraweak-local discontinuous Galerkin method for a time dependent fourth-order equation
摘要：In this paper, we study superconvergence properties of the ultraweak-local discontinuous Galerkin (UWLDG) method for an one-dimensional linear fourth-order equation. With special initial discretizations, we prove the numerical solution of the semi-discrete UWLDG scheme superconverges to a special projection of the exact solution. The order of this superconvergence is proved to be k+min(3, k) when piecewise P^k polynomials with k ≥ 2 are used. We also prove a 2k-th order superconvergence rate for the cell averages and for the function values and derivatives of the UWLDG approximation at cell boundaries. Moreover, we prove superconvergence of (k+2)-th and (k+1)-th order of the function values and the first order derivatives of the UWLDG solution at a class of special quadrature points, respectively. Our proof is valid for arbitrary non-uniform regular meshes and for arbitrary k ≥ 2. Numerical experiments verify that all theoretical findings are sharp.